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Module Description


The goal of this session is to prepare learners to provide person-centered care for a patient with an opportunistic pneumonia who is interested in traditional & complementary medicine (T&CM). The module will model respectful communication and reflective practice. 



By the end of the module, the learner will be able to:

  1. List a differential diagnosis for respiratory distress in a patient with HIV
  2. Describe a diagnostic approach for Pneumocystis pneumonia
  3. Describe a therapeutic plan for a patient with Pneumocystis pneumonia
  4. Demonstrate how to effectively interview a patient interested in T&CM and show sensitivity to a patient’s preferences
  5. Recognize that individuals with HIV access non-biomedical treatments, and describe the positive and negative implications this can have on their HIV
  6. Demonstrate use of the 5 WHYs to identify a systems problem (QI) 

Optimizing Team-Based Care to Achieve High Quality HIV Care

Central to this module, facilitators should prompt all learners to consider how they can deliver care that fosters optimized team-based care to ensure high quality HIV care. Consider how the case enables learners to gain greater competency in the following domains:

  • Values and ethics: Work with individuals of other professions to maintain a climate of mutual respect and shared values.
  • Roles/responsibilities: Use the knowledge of one’s own role and those of other professions to appropriately assess and address the health care needs of patients and to promote and advance the health of populations.
  • Interprofessional Communication: Communicate with patients, families, communities, and professionals in health and other fields in a responsive and responsible manner that supports a team approach to the promotion and maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of disease.
  • Teams and Teamwork: Apply the values and principles of team dynamics to build relationships and perform effectively in different team roles to plan, deliver and evaluate person-centered care and policies that are safe, timely, efficient, effective, and equitable. 


PCP or PJP or Pneumocystis pneumonia Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, formerly known as Pneumocystis carinii  pneumonia

T&CM –                                                  Traditional & Complementary Medicine

OI –                                                         Opportunistic infection

CBC –                                                     Complete blood count (includes white blood cell count,                                                                                                                                                   hemoglobin, and platelet count)

BMP  –                                                   Basic metabolic panel (includes electrolytes and creatinine)

IRIS –                                                      Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome

PO –                                                       oral

BID –                                                     twice a day

TIW –                                                    three times a day

DS –                                                       double strength

SS  –                                                       single strength

TMP  –                                                   Trimethoprim